OSHACH PAYATUMA (aka All American Man). A late Pueblo III pictograph (average date of 1295 AD) Oshach Payatuma (Keresan for "Sun Youth"), is believed to represent the Sun Youth because of the consistency between its symbols and the description of Sun Youth in Keresan Pueblo mythology. The Keresan people now live in pueblos along the Rio Grande, which include: Acoma, Laguna, Cochiti, San Felipe, Santa Ana, Santo Domingo, and Sia (Zia). The pictograph figure has an elongated neck, rectangular mouth, round eyes, and a [parrot] feather-like ornament on it's head. The face, head, and neck are blue. The mouth, eyes, and neck collar have been outlined in chalk by vandals. The figure stands behind a large shield, which is painted red, white, and blue; and inside the red band are two white rectangles and a [dark] blue square, from which red and white vertical stripes descend. The figure's legs are painted white. It is common knowledge among Keresan Pueblo people that symbols on Sun Youth's shield represent the sky, the sky pathway, rain clouds, and the descending rain. In their mythology, Oshach Payatuma is Spider Old Woman's (aka Spider Grandmother) grandson. His roll is essential in creating a balance in the cycle of rain and growth. At Acoma, Sun Youth is always present in the Rain Dances. In this pictograph of Oshach Payatuma, his face is dark blue because he lives in the sky, and the top of the shield is blue to symbolize the sky. The broad wide white band across his shield symbolizes the sky pathway Sun Youth travels. The two white rectangles represent storm clouds that he arouses in the sky, while the red area and vertical red and white lines stand for rain that falls from the clouds. Sun Youth's legs and feet are painted white to indicate where he stands, in the clouds, symbolizing the important roll he plays in arousing the clouds and making them bring forth rain. All these symbols are consistent with the Keresan Pueblo Myths of Sun Youth. The above was abstracted and paraphrased from: "On the Trail of Spider Woman: Petroglyphs, Pictographs, and Myths of the Southwest," by Carol Patterson-Rudolph. Ancient City Press, Santa Fe, 1997:10-17.